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History of Psychology


Influential People

Behaviourism: The Early Years
Article provides a history of the development of behaviourism.
Burying Freud: The Website
Professor R. C. Tallis provides a critical perspective on the contributions of Freud and psychoanalysis.
CPA Section 25: History and Philosophy of Psychology
Section of the Canadian Psychological Association is devoted to the study of the history of psychology.
Canadian History of Psychology
Site provides a list of articles concerning the history of Canadian Psychology.
Classics in the History of Psychology
The texts to many classic psychology articles are available at this site.
Evolutionary Psychology: A Primer
This article provides an introduction to evolutionary psychology. It discusses James' theory of instinct, five essential principles of evolutionary psychology, the design of organisms, nature and nurture, and reasoning instincts.
Gestalt Therapy and Psychology
Article provides some history of Gestalt therapy and Gestalt psychology.
History of Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Site provides a brief timeline of the history of I/O Psychology.
History of Influences in the Development of Intelligence Theory and Testing
Article provides information about people who have made influential contributions to intelligence theory and testing.
History of Psychology
"This is an e-text about the historical and philosophical background of Psychology" written by Dr. George Boeree.
History of Psychology Daily Calendar
Calendar chronicles key events in the history of psychology.
History of Psychology Timeline
This extensive timeline traces the history of psychology from early civilization to the present.
Site describes hypnosis; subconscious, unconscious, and self hypnosis; and the history of hypnosis.
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Site provides a number of articles describing the lives and works of many influential people throughout the history of philosophy and psychology.
Memory: A Contribution to Experimental Psychology
This article is about Ebbinghaus' famous experiment about memory and learning.
Milestones in Neuroscience Research
This site provides a detailed timeline of the major events that occurred during the history of neuroscience.
Phrenology and the Fine Arts
Site presents an interactive phrenological head. Phrenology is the belief that each part of the brain controls a particular emotion.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Site provides information about a number of influential people throughout the history of philosophy, and consequently, psychology. Also provides some encyclopedia entries for terms that have been used in history as well.
The Freud Museum of London
Site includes information about the museum and a photo of Freud's famous couch.
The Nature of Love
Article discusses love and Harlow's famous experiment involving wire mesh monkey mothers.
The Story of a Mental Hospital: Fulbourn, 1858-1983
This e-book describes the changes that have occurred in the conditions of mental hospitals from 1858-1983.
The University of Toronto Museum of Psychological Instruments
This site showcases the instruments used in "the earliest research and teaching program in experimental psychology in Canada.".
Theoretical Roots of Early Behaviorism
Article discusses "functionalism, the critique of introspection, and the nature and evolution of consciousness."

Influential People

Abraham Maslow
Site provides a summary of Maslow's hierarchy of needs and theory of self-actualization.
Albert Bandura
Site provides a "biographical sketch" of Albert Bandura.
Alfred Adler
Article provides an overview of Adler's life and of his theories concerning lifestyle, teleology, social interest, inferiority, psychological types, childhood, birth order, and therapy.
Article provides an overview of Aristotle's life, his writings, and theories about the soul, ethics, nature, politics, and art.
Arthur Schopenhauer
Site provides an overview of some of Schopenhauer's contributions.
Carl Rogers
Article provides an overview of Rogers' theories such as incongruity, defenses, fully-functioning people, and client-centered therapy.
David Hume
Article provides a brief biography about Hume and also provides a summary of his contributions to topics such as empiricism, association, causation, and moral philosophy.
Edmund Husserl
Article provides a biography of Husserl and summarizes his theories about psychologism and transcendental phenomenology.
Eugen Bleuler
Site provides a brief biography of Eugen Bleuler. He was the first to use the term "schizophrenia."
Famous Figures in Psychology
Site provides links to websites about influential people in psychology.
Freud: Conflict and Culture
The Library of Congress hosts this exhibition which "examines Freud's life and his key ideas and their effect upon the twentieth century.".
Friedrich Nietzsche
Article discusses Nietzche's life and some of his earlier, middle, and later writings.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Site discusses Hegel's life, his philosophy, and summarizes three of his works: Phenomenology of Spirit, Science of Logic, and Philosophy of Right.
George Kelly
Article summarizes Kelly's theory about the fundamental postulate and the 11 corollaries. It also discusses psychopathology and therapy.
Gestalt Theory: The Max Wertheimer Page
Site provides information about the famous Gestalt psychologist, Max Wertheimer, and links to articles he has written.
Immanuel Kant
Article provides some a summary of some of the major contributions Kant made to theories regarding how the mind works.
Immanuel Kant: Links
Site provides a list of links to writings by Kant, writings about Kant, and other sites related to Kant.
Important People and Discoveries in Psychology
PBS provides brief biographies and short synopses of people and events that played a significant role in the development of psychology.
International Kraepelin Society
Site provides a biography of Emil Kraepelin and a number of related links.
Jean Piaget
This article provides a brief summary of Piaget, the creator of an influential developmental theory.
John Broadus Watson and Psychology From the Standpoint of a Behaviorist
This article discusses the life of John Watson and the impact his theories had in the development of psychology.
John Broadus Watson, I-O Psychologist
This interesting article briefly reviews Watson's career and discusses his methods in the advertising world.
John Locke
Articles provides Locke's life history and discusses the limits of human understanding and the Two Treatises of Civil Government.
John Stuart Mill
Article discusses Mill's life history and some of his thoughts about empiricism, the scientific method, associationism, perception, minds, utilitarianism, and women.
Karen Horney
Article provides a brief summary of Horney's life and of her theory of neurosis.
Karl Popper
Article discusses Popper's life and some of the theories he created regarding the growth of human knowledge and more.
Le Bon, Gustave (1841-1931)
This page at Project Gutenberg has two of Le Bon's electronic texts that have been influential in social psychology: The Crowd and The Psychology of Revolution.
Ludwig Binswanger
Article discusses some of Binswanger's theories and existential psychology. Some topics covered are phenomenology, existence, Dasein, throwness, anxiety, guilt, death, and authenticity.
Mind and Body: Rene Descartes to William James
Site discusses Rene Descartes, mind/body dualism, the rise of experimental psychology, and early American psychology.
Oedipus Redivivus: Freud, Jung and Psychoanalysis
Article discusses Freud and Jung's relationship, how Freud created the Oedipus complex theory, and role it has played in psychoanalysis.
Otto Rank
Site provides a biography of Otto Rank as well as some Rankian essays.
Otto Rank
Site provides a brief summary of Rank's theories about the hero, the artist, and life and death.
Rene Descartes
This site discusses Rene Descartes' life and summarizes the various theories he created.
Rollo May
Article provides overview of Rollo May's life and of his existential theories.
Saint Augustine
Article summarizes some of the major contributions Saint Augustine made to the fields of psychology and philosophy. He was a Christian Neoplatonist.
Articles briefly summarizes Socrates' life.
Soren Kierkegaard
Site provides a brief biography of Kierkegaard's life and discusses how his writings reflect events in his life.
St. Thomas Aquinas
As a philosopher, Aquinas opened up the relationship between faith and religion so that they could be studied separately. Article summarizes some of Aquinas' most influential ideas.
The Husserl Page
Site provides a biography of Husserl, as well as an archives and some on-line texts.
Wilhelm Wundt and William James
Article discusses Wundt, James, structuralism, voluntarism, and functionalism.
William James
Site provides links to many articles related to topics that William James theorized about.
William James
Article provides a brief discussion of James' writings: ctrl The Principles of Psychology, The Will to Believe, and The Varieties of Religious Experience.
Works of Charles Darwin
Site provides the online text to The Origin of Species and The Descent of Man.

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